ʿAllāmah al-Kawtharī’s List of Ḥanafī Hadith Masters

The following list a selection from notes that were compiled for one of the appendices to the forthcoming (in shā Allāh) translation of Imam ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq al-Dihlawī’s Muqaddamah fī Uṣūl al-Ḥadīth. The list has had to be refined, edited, and truncated for publishing purposes. I thought the rough notes would still benefit certain interested readers, so I have produced a portion of them below. Readers should note that spellings, dates, etc… are being revised and are not yet reflected in this post:

Shāh ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq al-Dihlawī represents an important link in a long chain of Ḥanafī hadith scholars, one that begins with Imam Abū Ḥanīfah and his students and continues to this day. The last hundred plus years, however, has born witnes to an unfortunate confusion about the status of the scholars of the Ḥanafī school of law in relation to their knowledge and prowess in the field of hadith and hadith criticism. Nearly three to four generations of Indian hadith masters have since attempted to respond to these misconceptions in the form of biographies of Ḥanafī hadith masters, rebuttals of anti-Ḥanafī and anti-taqlīd literature, voluminous commentaries on the renowned hadith collections, etc…

The late Ottoman polymath, Imam Muḥammad Zāhid al-Kawtharī offered his own refutation of the misunderstandings about the Ḥanafī school in a now well-recognized treatise entitled Fiqh Ahl al-ʿIrāq wa Ḥadīthuhum, which concludes with a list of one hundred and ten hadith masters from amongst Abū Ḥanīfah’s students and adherents to his madhhab. The list was later extended by Imam Muḥammad Yūsuf al-Binnūrī who added 40 names to the list from amongst the Ḥanafī hadith scholars of the Indian subcontinent. We reproduce the first list below:

  1. Ẓufar ibn al-Hudhayl al-Baṣrī (d. 158), one of the more prominent and senior of Imam Abū Ḥanīfah’s direct students. He is one of the transmitters of Abū Ḥanīfah’s Kitāb al-Āthār.
  2. Ibrāhīm ibn Ṭahmān al-Harawī (d. 163), a proficient and abundant narrator of prophetic traditions who is listed in Dhahabī’s Ṭabaqāt al-Ḥuffāẓ.
  3. Al-Layth ibn Saʿd (d. 175), one of the renowned mujtahid imams. A number of scholars, including Qāḍī Zakariyyā al-Anṣārī in his commentary on Ṣaḥīh al-Bukhārī and Shams al-Dīn Ibn Khallikān al-Shāfiʿī in his Wafayāt al-Aʿyān, considered him to be a Ḥanafī.
  4. Al-Qāsim ibn Maʿn al-Masʿūdī (d. 175), one of the most proficient scholars of hadith, poetry, law, and language, and of the preeminent students of Abū Ḥanīfah. Imam Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī would seek answers from him on issues of the Arabic language.
  5. ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Mubārak (d. 181), a direct student of Abū Ḥanīfah whose hadith collections contain approximately twenty thousand narrations. Ibn Mahdī considered him more excellent than even Sufyān al-Thawrī. False statements are attributed to him regarding Abū Ḥanīfah that have been clarified by Kawtharī in his Taʿnīb al-Khaṭīb.
  6. Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Ibrāhīm (d. 182), the chief judge (qāḍī al-quḍāt), jurist (faqīh), who was renowned for his prolific memorization of ḥadīth. He would sit in a gathering of a ḥadīth scholar, memorize fifty or sixty ḥadīth at a time, and then leave and be able to relay them all to people. Ibn al-Jawzī in Akhbār al-Ḥuffāẓ and Ibn Ḥibbān before him in al-Thiqāt describe him as possessing a phenomenal memory. His book al-Amālī alone is said to have consisted of three hundred parts. Al-Kawtharī penned his detailed biography in Ḥusn al-Taqāḍī fī Sīrat al-Imām Abī Yūsuf al-Qāḍī. Al-Dhahabī also has a short biography of Abū Yūsuf as part of his Manāqib al-Imām Abī Ḥanīfah wa Ṣāḥibayhi al-Imām Abī Yūsuf waʾl-Imām Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan which was published with notes by ʿAllāmah Abūʾl-Wafāʾ al-Afghānī and ʿAllāmah al-Kawtharī.
  7. Yaḥyā ibn Zakariyyā ibn Abī Zāʾidah (d. 183), also one of Abū Ḥanīfah’s preeminent companions. He was a scholar of law and a proficient ḥādīth scholar (ḥāfiẓ).
  8. Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī (d. 189), one of Abū Ḥanīfah’s two most recognized students and the one who most thoroughly documented his legal rulings. Amongst his works in ḥadīth which reflect his profound erudition in the field: a transmission of Abū Ḥanīfah’s Kitāb al-Āthār, a transmission of Mālik’s al-Muwaṭṭa, and Kitāb al-Ḥujjah ʿalā Ahl al-Madīnah.
  9. Ḥafṣ ibn Ghiyāth (d. 194), the judge (qāḍī). His students recorded over four thousand ḥadīths from his memory.
  10. Wakīʿ ibn al-Jarrāh (d. 197). Al-Dhahabī mentions, “Yaḥyā relates, ‘I have not anyone more excellent than him.’ He used to issue legal rulings (fatwā) according to the opinions of Abū Ḥanīfah. Aḥmad (ibn Ḥanbal) states, ‘Adhere to the books of Wakīʿ. I have not seen anyone more attentive to knowledge nor more retentive than Wakīʿ.’”
  11. Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd al-Qaṭṭān al-Baṣrī (d. 198), one of the imams of the science of narrator criticism (jarḥ wa taʿdīl). Al-Dhahabī asserted that he issued legal rulings according to the opinion of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  12. Al-Ḥasan ibn Ziyād al-Luʾluʾī (d. 204), a student of Abū Ḥanīfah who is recorded to have taken approximately twelve thousand ḥadīth from Ibn Jurayj that no jurist can do without. Yaḥyā ibn Ādam said about him, “I have not seen anyone more knowledgeable of law than him.” Al-Kawtharī wrote a seventy-page biography of him and Muḥammad ibn Shujāʿ al-Thaljī entitled Al-Imtāʿ bi sīrat al-Imāmayn al-Ḥasan ibn Ziyād wa Ṣāḥibihi Muḥammad ibn Shujāʿ.
  13. Muʿallā ibn Manṣūr al-Rāzī (d. 211), a scholar who combined a master in both fiqh and ḥadīth.
  14. ʿAbd Allāh ibn Dāwūd al-Khuraybī (d. 213), also a scholar of both fiqh and ḥadīth.
  15. Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Muqrī ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yazīd al-Kūfī (d. 213), one of the copious narrators from Abū Ḥanīfah.
  16. Asad ibn al-Furāt al-Qayrawānī (d. 213), a scholar who combined the ʿIrāqī and Ḥijāzī methodologies in law and ḥadīth.
  17. Makkī ibn Ibrāhīm al-Ḥanẓalī (d. 215), the shaykh of Khurāsān. He narrates many reports of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  18. Abū Nuʿaym al-Faḍl ibn Dukayn (d. 219), one of the abundant narrators from Abū Ḥanīfah.
  19. ʿĪsā ibn Abān al-Baṣrī (d. 221), the author of two works on ḥadīth principles entitled al-Ḥujaj al-Kabīr and al-Ḥujaj al-Ṣaghīr that reflect his mastery of the field of ḥadīth.
  20. Hishām ibn ʿUbayd Allāh al-Rāzī (d. 221), the companion of Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī.
  21. Abū ʿUbayd Qāsim ibn Sallām (d. 224), one of the preeminent companions of Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī.
  22. ʿAlī ibn al-Jaʿd (d. 230), the ḥāfiẓ of ḥadith and imam of fiqh. His al-Jaʿdiyyāt is amongst the most valuable works.
  23. Yaḥyā ibn Maʿīn (d. 233), the imām of jarḥ wa taʿdīl. He studied law under Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī and read the al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaghīr with him. He took ḥadīth from Abū Yūsuf. His status in the field of ḥadīth is evidenced by the extreme adab shown to him by masters like ʿAlī ibn al-Madīnī, Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, Ibn Abī Shaybah, and Isḥāq ibn Rāhūyah (Rāhawayh). He inherited one million dirhams from his father and subsequently spent the entirety of it in the pursuit of ḥadīth. He wrote 600,000 ḥadīth by his own hand. Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal used to say in his praise, “Any ḥadīth that is unknown to Yaḥyā is not a ḥadīth.” Though masters like al-Dhahabī are utterly convinced that he was a Ḥanafī, some continue to repeat the false attribution of statements to him that disparage the companions of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  24. Muḥammad ibn Samāʿah al-Tamīmī (d. 233), one of the reliable ḥuffāẓ of ḥadīth and an authority in the Ḥanafī madhhab whose expertise afforded him the power to choose between various divergent opinions within the school. Yaḥyā ibn Maʿin used to say about him, “If the Partisans of Ḥaḍīth (Ahl al-Ḥadīth) were as true as Ibn Samāʿah was in his opinion (raʾy), they would have reached the pinnacle in (ḥadīth).”
  25. Ibrāhīm ibn Yūsuf al-Balkhī al-Bāhilī al-Mākiyānī (d. 239), the great ḥāfiẓ, who had cut himself off from Qutaybah ibn Saʿīd because he had wronged al-Balkhī once in the company of Mālik by calling him a Murjī, upon which Mālik had al-Balkhī leave his gathering. As a result, al-Balkhī was only able to hear one ḥadīth from Mālik. Al-Nasāʿī declared him to be reliable.
  26. Isḥāq ibn al-Buhlūl al-Tanūkhī (d. 252), the author of al-Musnad al-Kabīr. He dictated forty thousand ḥadīth from memory. Abū Ḥātim declared him ṣadūq (trustworthy).
  27. Abūʾl-Layth ʿAbd Allāh ibn Surayj ibn Ḥajr al-Bukhārī (d. 258), one of the companions of Abū Ḥafṣ al-Kabīr al-Bukhārī. He had tens of thousands of ḥadīth memorized.
  28. Muḥammad ibn Shujāʿ al-Thaljī (d. 266), the companion of Al-Ḥasan ibn Ziyād. Al-Muwaffaq al-Makkī reported that over seventy thousand ḥadīth are transmitted in his books, amongst which is his al-Manāsik in sixty plus parts, his Taṣḥīḥ al-Āthār, and his al-Radd ʿala al-Mushabbihah. Al-Dhahabī called him one of the oceans of knowledge in his Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalāʾ. He passed away while in sajdah during the ʿAṣr prayer.
  29. Abūʾl-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿĪsā al-Birtī (d. 280), a law student of Abū Sulaymān al-Jūzjānī. Ismāʿīl al-Qāḍī had deep reverence for him. He authored Musnad Abī Hurayrah.
  30. Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭayālisī (d. 282). He debated and overcame Zuhayr ibn Ḥarb and others on the issue of the permissibility of taḥlīl.
  31. ʿUbayd Allāh ibn Wāṣil al-Bukhārī (d. 282), the muḥaddith of Bukhārā. The ḥadīth scholar ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥarithī studied with him.
  32. Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Naḍr ibn Salamah ibn al-Jārūd al-Naysābūrī (d. 291), who al-Ḥākim al-Naysābūrī described as “the shaykh of his time in respect to retention, perfection, and leadership (in knowledge)”. His family were all Ḥanafīs, and he himself was a colleague of Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj in the pursuit of ḥadīth.
  33. Ibrāhīm ibn Maʿqil al-Nasafī (d. 295), the author of a large Musnad work and a work in tafsīr. He is a narrator of Imam Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl al-Bukhārī’s al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ. Al-Mustaghfirī described him as “a faqīḥ, ḥāfiẓ, who was proficient in the differences of the scholars, chaste, and virtuous.”
  34. Abū Yaʿlā Aḥmad ibn ʿAlī ibn al-Muthannā al-Mawṣilī (d. 307), the author of a large Musnad and a Muʿjam. He took from the likes of ʿAlī ibn al-Jaʿd. Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥāfiẓ notes, “If not for his preoccupation with the books of Abū Yūsuf’s through Bishr ibn al-Walīd, he would have been able to meet Sulaymān ibn Ḥarb and Abū Dāwūd al-Ṭayālisī in Baṣrah.” This gives an indication of the large number of works that Abū Yūsuf must have written, though most are no longer extant.
  35. Abū Bishr al-Dawlābī Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Ḥammād (d. 310), the author of al-Kunā and other excellent works. Al-Dāraquṭnī notes: “He was criticized, yet nothing became manifest from him except good.”
  36. Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭaḥāwī (d. 321), one of the greatest of the ḥuffāẓ of ḥadīth and one of the most knowledgeable of the scholars in ḥadīth, rijāl (narrator biographies), and fiqh. Three of his main teachers were senior ḥadīth masters: Bakkār ibn Qutaybah, Ibn Abī ʿImrān, and Abū Ḥāzim. Badr al-Dīn al-ʿAynī has a lengthy biography of him in his commentary on the narrators of the Sharḥ Maʿānī al-Āthār, his most recognized ḥadīth work. Al-Kawtharī also has a biographical work on him entitled al-Ḥāwī fī Sīrat al-Imām Abī Jaʿfar al-Ṭaḥāwī.
  37. Abūʾl-Qāsim ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Abīʾl-ʿAwwām al-Saʿdī (d. 335), a student of al-Nasāʾī, al-Ṭaḥāwī, and Abū Bishr al-Dawlābī. He is the author of the book of the virtues of Abū Ḥanīfah: Faḍāʾil Abī Ḥanīfah, as well as one of seventeen musnads of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  38. Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī al-Bukhārī (d. 340), the author of Manāqib Abī Ḥanīfah and Musnad Abī Ḥanīfah. Ibn Mandah narrates abundantly from him and held him in high esteem.
  39. Abūʾl-Qāsim ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad al-Tanūkhī (d. 342), a companion of Abūʾl-Ḥasan al-Karkhī and a ḥāfiẓ of ḥadīth.
  40. Abūʾl-Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Bāqī ibn Qāniʿ (d. 351), the ḥāfiẓ and qāḍī, author of many works. Al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī says about him, “Most of our shaykhs declared him to be reliable.” According to al-Ḥasan ibn al-Furāt, his memory weakened and he began to confuse his transmissions (ikhtilāṭ) two years before his death.
  41. Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn ʿAlī al-Rāzī al-Jaṣṣāṣ (d. 370), the famous imam of uṣūl, fiqh, and ḥadīth. He had excellent retention of the ḥadīth of Abū Dāwūd al-Sijistānī, Ibn Abī Shaybah, ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī, and Abū Dāwūd al-Ṭayālisī. He was able to transmit any ḥadīth of theirs that he desired wherever he desired. His book on Islamic legal theory, al-Fuṣūl fiʾl-Uṣūl, his commentaries on Mukhtaṣar al-Ṭaḥāwī and Muḥammad’s al-Jāmiʿ al-Kabīr, and his legal exegesis Aḥkām al-Qurʾān are ample evidence of his unparalleled erudition. His strong grasp of the science of rijāl becomes manifest upon reading his hermeneutic arguments on issues of legal contention.
  42. Muḥammad ibn al-Muẓaffar ibn Mūsā al-Baghdādī (d. 379), the author of a musnad of Abū Ḥanīfah. Al-Dāraquṭnī had deep respect for him, as he was one of the leading masters of ḥadīth of his time.
  43. Abū Naṣr Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Kalābādhī (d. 378), the greatest ḥāfiẓ of Transoxiana (mā warā al-nahr) of his time, and the author of Rijāl al-Bukhārī. Al-Dāraquṭnī was fond of his expertise.
  44. Abū Ḥāmid Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Marwazī (d. 376)? also known as Ibn al-Ṭabarī. He was a master of ḥadīth and the science of ḥadīth transmission.
  45. Abūʾl-Qāsim Ṭalḥah ibn Muḥammad ibn Jaʿfar al-Muʿaddil al-Bukhārī (d. 380), the author of a musnad of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  46. Abūʾl-Faḍl Aḥmad ibn ʿAlī al-Bīkandī al-Sulaymānī (d. 404), the teacher of al-Mustaghfirī.
  47. Ghunjār Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Bukhārī (d. 412), the author of a history of Bukhārā.
  48. Abūʾl-ʿAbbās Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Mustaghfirī (d. 432), an author of many works.
  49. Abū Saʿd al-Sammān Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAlī ibn Zanjūyah (Zanjawayh) al-Rāzī (d. 445), an imam in ḥadīth, the science of rijāl, and Ḥanafī fiqh.
  50. ʿUmar ibn Aḥmad al-Naysābūrī (d. 467).
  51. Abūʾl-Qāsim ʿUbayd Allāh ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Naysābūrī al-Ḥākim (d. 490).
  52. Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Samarqandī (d. 491), a student of al-Mustaghfirī. Abū Saʿd said about him, “There was no one in his age in his field, neither in the East nor the West, like him.” He was the author of Baḥr al-Asānīd min Ṣiḥāḥ al-Masānīd, a massive collection of approximately one hundred thousand ḥadīth in eight hundred parts. If the work had been reorganized, there would have been no book like it in the history of Islam.
  53. Naṣr ibn Aḥmad ibn Ibrāhīm (d. 510), the ḥadīth master of Harāt?, the ascetic and remnant of the ḥadīth imams (baqiyyat al-muḥaddithīn).
  54. Isḥāq ibn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Tanūkhī al-Nasafī (d. 518).
  55. Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad ibn Khusrū al-Balkhī (d. 522), the author of a musnad of Abū Ḥanīfah.
  56. Abū Ḥafṣ Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn ʿUmar ibn Badr ibn Saʿīd al-Mawṣilī (d. 622?).
  57. Abūʾl-Faḍāʾil al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Ṣaghānī (d. 650?), an imam of language, fiqh, and ḥadīth. He is the author of al-ʿUbāb, al-Mukham, and Mashāriq al-Anwār.
  58. Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Khāliq ibn Asad al-Dimashqī (d. 564?), the author of al-Muʿjam.
  59. Tāj al-Dīn Abuʾl-Yumn Zayd ibn al-Ḥasan al-Kindī (d. 614), the musnid of al-Shām.
  60. Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Mubārak al-Zabīdī (d. 629), the imam and musnid.
  61. Al-Ḥusayn ibn al-Mubārak al-Zabīdi (d. 630), the brother of al-Ḥasan al-Zabīdī.
  62. Al-Jamāl Abūʾl-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Ẓāhirī (d. 696), the muḥaddith and author of al-Fakhr al-Bukhārī’s mashīkhah (collection of the names of someone’s shaykhs) in five parts.
  63. Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Zakariyyā ibn Masʿūd al-Anṣārī al-Manbijī (d. 298), the author of al-Lubāb fiʾl-Jamʿ baynaʾl-Sunnat waʾl-Kitāb and a commentary on al-Ṭaḥāwī’s Sharḥ Maʿānī al-Āthār.
  64. Abūʾl-ʿAlāʾ Maḥmūd al-Bukhārī (d. 700), whose list of shaykhs consists of approximately seven hundred. Al-Mizzī, al-Barzālī, al-Dhahabī, and Abū Ḥayyān all took ḥadīth from him.
  65. Al-Shams al-Sarūjī Amad ibn Ibrāhīm ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī (d. 701), a commentator on al-Hidāyah.
  66. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī ibn Balbān al-Fārisī (d. 731), the commentator of Talkhīṣ al-Khilāṭī and the author of al-Iḥsān fī Tartīb Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān.
  67. Ibn al-Muhandis Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Ghanāʾim al-Shurūṭī (d. 733), the grand muḥaddith.
  68. Quṭb al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Karīm ibn ʿAbd al-Nūr al-Ḥalbī (d. 735), the author of a commentary of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī in twenty volumes, al-Ihtimām bi Talkhīṣ al-Ilmām, and al-Qidḥ al-Muʿallā fīʾl-Kalām ʿalā Baʿḍ Aḥādīth al-Muḥallā.
  69. Amīn al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Wānī (d. 735).
  70. Al-Shams al-Surūjī Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Aybak (d. 744).
  71. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī ibn ʿUthmān al-Māridīnī (d. 749), the author of Al-Jawhar al-Naqī, and the teacher of Jamāl al-Dīn al-Zaylaʿī, ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Qurashī, and Jamāl al-Dīn al-Malaṭī – the author of al-Muʿtaṣar -, and Zayn al-Dīn al-ʿIrāqī.
  72. Ibn al-Wānī ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm (d. 749).
  73. Jamāl al-Dīn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf al-Zaylaʿī (d. 762), the author of Naṣb al-Rāyah.
  74. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn Mughulṭāʾī al-Bakjarī? (d. 762).
  75. Badr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Shiblī (d. 769), whose father was the rector? (qayyim) of Al-Madrasah al-Shibliyyah in Damascus.
  76. ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Qurashī (d. 775)
  77. Al-Majd Ismāʿīl al-Balbīsī (d. 802), the author of Mukhtaṣar Ansāb al-Rushāṭī.
  78. Jamāl al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Mūsā al-Malaṭī (d. 803), the author of al-Muʿtaṣar.
  79. Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Dayrī (d. 827), the author of al-Masāʾil al-Sharīfah fī Adillat Madhhab al-Imām Abī Ḥanīfah.
  80. Abūʾl-Fatḥ Aḥmad ibn ʿUthmān ibn Muḥammad al-Kalwatānī al-Kirmānī (d. 835) .
  81. ʿIzz al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥīm ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Furāt (d. 851).
  82. Badr al-Dīn al-ʿAynī Maḥmūd ibn Aḥmad (d. 855).
  83. Kamāl al-Dīn ibn al-Humām Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wāḥid (d. 861), the author of Fatḥ al-Qadīr.
  84. Saʿd al-Dīn ibn al-Shams al-Dayrī (d. 867), the author of Takmilat Sharḥ al-Hidāyah liʾl-Sarūjī.
  85. Taqī al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Shumunnī (d. 872), whose commentary on al-Wiqāyah called Kamāl al-Dirāyah is proof of his mastery of the legal import of hadith.
  86. Qāsim ibn Quṭlūbughā (d. 879), whose takhrīj of the hadith of al-Ikhtiyār and Uṣūl al-Bazdawī, as well as all his other works in hadith and law, are indication of his prowess and mastery of the sciences of hadith and law.
  87. ʿAbd al-Laṭīf ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (d. 885), famously known as Ibn Malak, the author of Mabāriq al-Azhār Sharḥ Mashāriq al-Anwār.
  88. Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Laṭīf (Ibn Malak), the aforementioned’s son, the author of a commentary on al-Baghawī’s Maṣābīḥ al-Sunnah and a commentary on al-Wiqāyah.
  89. Shihāb al-Dīn Abūʾl-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Sharjī al-Zabīdī (d. 893), the author of Al-Tajrīd al-Ṣarīḥ li Aḥādīth al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ.
  90. Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī, also known as Ibn Ṭūlūn al-Dimashqī (d. 953), the author of approximately five hundred works.
  91. ʿAlī al-Muttaqī ibn Husām al-Dīn al-Hindī (d. 975), the author of Kanz al-ʿUmmāl.
  92. Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir al-Fattanī al-Kujrātī (Gujrātī) (d. 987), author of Majmaʿ Biḥār al-Anwār, Tadhkirat al-Mawḍūʿāt, and al-Mughnī amongst other magnificent works in hadith.
  93. ʿAlī ibn Sulṭān Muḥammad al-Qārī al-Harawī al-Makkī (d. 1014), the author of a commentary on al-Mishkāt called Mirqāt al-Mafātīḥ and Mukhtaṣar al-Wiqāyah entitled Fatḥ Bāb al-ʿInāyah. He studied under al-Quṭub al-Nahrawālī and ʿAbd Allāh al-Sindī.
  94. Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Yūnus al-Shalabī (d. 1021).
  95. ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq ibn Sayf al-Dīn al-Dihlawī (d. 1052), the student of ʿAbd al-Wahhāb al-Muttaqī – the student of ʿAlī al-Muttaqī al-Hindī – , and Mullā ʿAlī al-Qārī. His students include Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Khāfī and Ḥasan al-ʿUjaymī.
  96. Ayyūb ibn Aḥmad ibn Ayyūb al-Khalwatī al-Dimashqī (d. 1071).
  97. Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al-ʿUjaymī al-Makkī (d. 1113), whose isnāds are collected in two volumes in Kifāyat al-Mustaṭliʿ.
  98. Abūʾl-Ḥasan al-Kabīr Ibn ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Sindī (d. 1139), the author of marginalia on the six major hadith collections and Musnad Aḥmad.
  99. ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl al-Nābulusī (d. 1143), author of Dhakhāʾir al-Mawārīth.
  100. Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ʿAqīlah al-Makkī (d. 1150), student of al-ʿUjaymī, author of al-Musalsalāt and various athbāt. He also authored a five volume hadith-centered Qurʾān exegesis called al-Durr al-Manẓūm as well as a redaction of al-Suyūṭī’s al-Itqān called Al-Ziyādah waʾl-Iḥsān fī ʿUlūm al-Qurʾān.
  101. ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad al-Amāsī (d. 1167), whose commentary on Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Najāḥ al-Qārī fī Sharḥ al-Bukhārī, runs into thirty volumes. He also has a seven volume incomplete commentary on Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim called ʿInāyat al-Munʿīm bi Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim in which he reached half of the intended commentary.
  102. Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan, known famously as Ibn Himmāt al-Dimashqī, (d. 1175), the author of Tuḥfat al-Rāwī fī Takhrīj Aḥādīth al-Bayḍāwī.
  103. Al-Sayyid Muḥammad al-Murtaḍā al-Zabīdī (d. 1205), commentator on al-Ghazālī’s Iḥyā ʿUlūm al-Dīn and author of ʿUqūd al-Jawāhir al-Munīfah fī Adillat Madhhab al-Imām Abī Ḥanīfah.
  104. Muḥammad Hibat Allāh al-Baʿlī (d. 1224), the author of Ḥadīqat al-Rayyāḥīn fī Ṭabaqāt Mashāyikhinā al-Musnidīn and Al-Taḥqīq al-Bāhir fī Sharḥ al-Ashbāh waʾl-Naẓāʾir in five large volumes.
  105. Muḥammad Amīn ibn al-Sayyid ʿUmar (d. 1252), famously known as Ibn ʿĀbidīn, whose asānīd can be found in his thabat called ʿUqūd al-Laʾālī fīʾl-Asānīd al-ʿAwālī.
  106. Muḥammad ʿĀbid al-Sindī (d. 1257), author of Ḥaṣr al-Shārid, Ṭawāliʿ al-Anwār ʿalāʾl-Durr al-Mukhtār in sixteen volumes, and Al-Mawāhib al-Laṭīfah (a commentary on Musnad Abī Ḥanīfah in several volumes).
  107. ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Mujaddidī (d. 1296). His asānīd are in Al-Yānīʿ al-Janīyy.
  108. ʿMuḥammad ʿAbd al-Ḥayy al-Laknawī (d. 1304), the most knowledgeable of his age in the hadith of aḥkām, despite a number of isolated opinions that diverted from the madhhab.
  109. Muḥammad Ḥasan al-Sanbahlī (d. 1305), contemporary of ʿAbd al-Ḥayy al-Laknawī and similar to him in the large amount of works he wrote despite a brief life (he died at the age of 41). He authored more than one hundred works, some in large, thick volumes, like his marginalia on Al-Hidāyah. His Al-Tansīq al-Niẓām fī Musnad al-Imām is evidence of his strength in the fields of hadith, rijāl, and subtle defects (ʿilal).
  110. Aḥmad Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn ibn Muṣtafā al-Kumushkhānawī (d. 1311), the author of Rāmūz Aḥādīth al-Raṣūl and its five-volume commentary, Lawāmiʿ al-ʿUqūl, as well as around fifty other works. [ʿAllāmah Muḥammad Yūsuf al-Binnūrī includes an additional addendum to Imam Kawtharī’s list that consists of forty ḥadīth scholars of the Indian subcontinent, which he keeps brief and suffices with those ḥadīth masters with well-known works to their name or who are renowned for their position in the field. The list is not ordered sequentially as they were names that he was able to recall in a single gathering from memory.]
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6 thoughts on “ʿAllāmah al-Kawtharī’s List of Ḥanafī Hadith Masters

  1. Bilal Brown says:

    In relation to Al-Hasan bin Ziyad, his biography is very harsh in Lisan al-Mizan, is there any reason for this?

    • Bilal Ali says:

      ‘Allamah al-Kawthari devotes around 15 pages or so to the jarh on him in his al-Imta’ bi Sirat al-Imamayn al-Hasan ibn Ziyad wa Sahibihi Muhammad ibn Shuja’. It’s an enlightening read.

  2. The Smiling Pilgrim says:

    Although Christian in my understanding of God and his revelation I want to say I wish you well simply as a person.

    May sound strange to say that out of nowhere but in these times there is a lot of hate and misunderstanding going around and I have had the benefit to know many incredible people who profess Islam as their faith (Both Sunni and Shia)

    It’s important at least to me that my voice be counted that you are just as special and amazing as I am and that I profess that as a universal truth:)

    Peace be with you!

    • Bilal Ali says:

      There smiling pilgrim,

      What a touching message and at such a crucial time. Your message truly moved my heart. May God produce more people on this earth with such clear perspective and may He always guide us to ultimate truth!

      Bilal Ali

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